stockwell carpets - handmade rugs and carpets
Hand-made carpets making step by step
27/11/2017

Hand-made carpets are technically very different from machine-made carpets: in a way, the first machine made carpets were attempting to reproduce hand-made carpets by mechanical methods.
There are several carpet-making methods, including, hand knotting, hand weaving, tapestry weave and hand tufting. The most common of these are hand tufting and hand knotting.
Good quality hand-knotted carpets are still made in the same way as they were hundreds of years ago.
 
WOOL SORTING AND WASHING
Wool is carefully sorted to pick out unwanted particles. The wool needs sorting before proceeding to carding stage. Wool often carries dust and grease which is removed by washing it thoroughly. For silk carpets and rugs, the silk is extracted from silkworms.
Carpet wool comes predominantly from New Zealand and Australia. Local blends of wool which have ‘character’ (maybe not as fine or sophisticated as that from New Zealand) are available in hand knotted carpets from, say, Nepal, or India.  Silk also varies in quality.  Chinese silks and wool can be of exceptional quality.
There is also some British wool still available.
 
CARDING
The carding process allows the fibre strands to flow smoothly when spinning. This is also the stage for blending different wools. Traditionally, carding was performed by hand and machine carding was introduced when the industry grew.
However hand carded product is still available if a customer so desires.
 
SPINNING
Spinning is the process of transforming the wool by twisting the fibres together to form yarn. The carded wool is spun into yarn by using a charkha or a spinning wheel. Traditionally, fibres were spun by hand using simple tools, which is a very long process. The thickness of the yarn depends on the quality of the carpet and generally a 3ply yarn is used.
 
DYING
Once the raw wool has been spun to obtain yarn, it will be dyed in various colours needed for that carpet.  Modern carpets tend to use Swiss chemical dyestuffs, which are very colourfast.
 
KNOTTING
  
    
Knotting is an art. Weavers who weave on a regular basis have a very good speed in knotting which is developed over time. One or more weavers work on a loom depending on the size of the carpet. Each weaver makes individual knots row after row. The designs are charted out on a graph which is displayed in front of each weaver, according to the area they are working on.
A rug may take from 6 months up to several years to knot, depending on its size but mostly on the number of knots per square inch.
 
TRIMMING, CARVING, EMBOSSING and BEVELLING
      
The finished carpet is taken off from the loom and the designs and patterns are trimmed by scissors or electric shears.
Some carpets can be carved, embossed or bevelled in varying degrees. This can give a sculptural effect to a modern design enhanced, in hand tufted carpets, by the use of loop piles. Gentle carving is often referred to as ‘hairline carving’.
Chinese washed carpets and some Indian carpets had carving in them and traditional Savonnerie carpets were often finished with a fine line between motifs by cutting the pile with scissors at an angle.
 
 
Here at Craigie Stockwell Carpets we have been supplying the best quality hand-made carpets for many, many years. Whether a traditional design is required or something more modern is needed we can supply you the very best of the best. Contact us for more details.

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Posted on 27.11.17
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